A REVIEW OF THE PREVIOUS STUDIES (1983-2009) BASED ON THE EFFECTS OF SO2, ONE OF THE LOCAL OR TRANSBOUNDARY POLLUTANTS ON THE FORESTS OF TURKEY

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A  REVIEW OF THE PREVIOUS STUDIES (1983-2009) BASED ON THE EFFECTS OF SO2, ONE OF THE LOCAL OR TRANSBOUNDARY POLLUTANTS ON THE FORESTS OF TURKEY

M. DOĞAN KANTARCI (EM)
Istanbul University Faculty of Forestry
Department of Soil Science and Ecology
Bahçeköy – Istanbul
mdkant@istanbul.edu.tr

ABSTRACT
The northern regions of Turkey from north to south have been exposed to the effects of SO 2, which is local  or foreign sourced. The need to use higher amounts of coal for the heating purposes depending on the density of  population, the spread of the thermal power plants, industrialization, and SO2 settling over the Black Sea and the Balkans are all considered as the major effects over Turkey’s forests. As a result of the attempts to make  widespread use of natural gas and to generate electricity from this gas, the effect of SO2 started to decrease in  the early 2000s. However, “the coal aid to the poor families” caused an increase in the air pollution after 2004.  The use of lignite coal in the fluid-bed thermal power plants seems to be a more practical and sensible way (in terms of less pollutant emission) than the giveaway of the lignite coal to the houses for the heating

SO2’nin ormana etkisi-Humboldt-İng.-Türkçe

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